King's Bench

King's Bench
King's (Queen's) Bench
One of the superior courts of common law in England, being so called because the king (or queen) used formerly to sit there in person, the style of the court being "coram ipso rege."
It was called the "queen's bench" in the reign of a queen, and during the protectorate of Cromwell it was styled the "upper bench."
It consisted of a chief justice and three puisne justices, who were by their office the sovereign conservators of the peace and supreme coroners of the land. It was a remnant of the aula regis, and was not originally fixed to any certain place, but might follow the king's person, though for some centuries past it usually sat at Westminster. It had a very extended jurisdiction both in criminal and civil causes; the former in what was called the "crown side" or "crown office," the latter in the "plea side," of the court. Its civil jurisdiction was gradually enlarged until it embraced all species of personal actions. By the Judicature Act of 1873 the jurisdiction of this court was assigned to the Queens Bench Division of the High Court of Justice.

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • king's bench — n: a division of the High Court of Justice of England and Wales that hears civil cases (as commercial cases) and appeals of criminal cases used during the reign of a king compare queen s bench Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster …   Law dictionary

  • King's Bench — King s (Queen s) Bench One of the superior courts of common law in England, being so called because the king (or queen) used formerly to sit there in person, the style of the court being coram ipso rege. It was called the queen s bench in the… …   Black's law dictionary

  • King's Bench — (Law) Formerly, the highest court of common law in England; so called because the king used to sit there in person. It consisted of a chief justice and four puisne, or junior, justices. During the reign of a queen it was called the {Queen s Benc …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • King's Bench — King s Bench, the also the King s Bench Division part of the High Court of Justice in England and Wales. This name is used during the times when Britain is ruled by a king. →↑Queen s Bench, the …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • King's Bench — (spr. bentsch, Court of King s oder Queen s Bench, engl. »Königsbank«, Bancus regis), ehemals das Oberhofgericht zu London; seit 1873 (1881) Benennung einer Abteilung (Queen s Bench division) des obersten Gerichtshof (High Court of Justice) für… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • King's Bench — (engl., spr. Kings Bentsch, d.i. Königs Bank) 1) (Court of K. B. [jetzt Court of Queen s Bench] Bancus regis), Oberhofgericht; das Hehe Gericht zu London, im Westminsterpalast: entscheidet über die die Krone betreffenden Sachen u. wichtige… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • King's Bench — or Queen s Bench n. [so called because the sovereign used to sit in court on a raised bench] Eng. Law 1. Historical the supreme court of common law 2. one of the three divisions of the High Court of Justice …   English World dictionary

  • King's Bench — (engl., spr. bentsch, »Königsbank«, Queen s Bench, »Königinnenbank«), eine Abteilung des obersten Gerichtshofs für England und Wales …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • King's Bench — King s′ Bench′ n. law the highest British court of common law, dealing with both civil and criminal cases: a division of the High Court of Justice Also called, when a queen is sovereign,Queen s Bench …   From formal English to slang

  • king's bench — See court of king s bench …   Ballentine's law dictionary

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